Skip to comments.U.S. CARRIER SUNK IN SOLOMONS; BRITISH PRESS ASSAULT IN EGYPT (11/1/42)
Posted on 11/01/2012 4:20:27 AM PDT by Homer_J_Simpson
Damaged Ship Lost (Lawrence) 2
Japans Ships Hit 3
Africa Battle On 4-5
War News Summarized 4
Nazis Smash Ahead in Caucasus Drive (Parker) 5
Major Sports Yesterday 5
Biggest Day Raid on Britain in 2 Years Hits Canterbury (MacDonald) 6
The Texts of the Days Communiques on the War 8-9
On the Solomons Before the Present Battle (photo) 9
The News of the Week in Review
The Battle of the Pacific Centers in the Solomons (map) 10
British Drive 11-12
Other Fronts 12
Twenty News Questions 13
War Tempo Heightens in the Eastern Mediterranean (map) 14
Desert War Reopened by Big Allied Drive (Denny) 15
Soviets Rely On Themselves (Parker) 16
A Crucial Winter in the Global Struggle: The Situation Appraised (Baldwin) 17-18
Answers to Twenty News Questions 19
Axis forces inflict losses but not defeat
Sunday, November 1, 1942 www.onwar.com
In North Africa... The Battle of El Alamein. Operation Supercharge, planned by British General Montgomery gets under way. The infantry attacks to clear the last of the minefields are held up and when the British armor advances, the 15th Panzer is prepared and inflicts heavy losses. The British can afford these losses. Rommel cannot. After 21st Panzer joins the attack, he is left with only 35 operational vehicles and little fuel or ammunition. Rommel sends word to Hitler that a British breakthrough is inevitable and withdrawal necessary.
In the Solomon Islands... On Guadalcanal, two Marine regiments begin an attack west across the Matanikau River. American engineers have built bridges to aid supplying the attacks. There is heavy fighting. East of the American positions, American troops advance toward Koli Point to preempt an expected Japanese landing.
November 1st, 1942
UNITED KINGDOM: The Westland Welkin High Altitude fighter prototype (DG 558) makes its maiden flight. Two 1,650-hp Rolls-Royce Merlin engines drive it to 387mph, with a ceiling of 44,000-feet and a range of 1,200 miles. (Emmanuel Gustin)(22)
Trawler HMS Bowell renamed HMS Miscou.
Corvettes HMCS Baddeck and Port Arthur arrived at Londonderry, having escorted the 50-ship convoy SC-105 from St. Johns. Both ships were Flower-class corvettes. SC-105 departed New York City on 11 Oct 42 and arrived safely in Liverpool on 31 Oct 42 with all of ships intact. (Dave Shirlaw)
FRANCE: Workers strike in protest against forced labour.
BALTIC SEA: Finnish SS Agnes torpedoed and sunk by Soviet submarine SC-406 12 miles north of Rixhöft. (Dave Shirlaw)
U.S.S.R.: Alagir, in the Caucacus, falls to the German 1st Panzer Army.
EGYPT: Cairo: The enigmatically-named unit known as “L” detachment of the Special Air Service Brigade has been expanded into the 1st Special Air Service Regiment. The handful of survivors of Major David Stirling’s 12-month experiment in mayhem behind Rommel’s line will be steadily augmented by other veterans of irregular warfare. These include the Middle East Commando (30 officers and 300 rankers of whom Stirling wants only a third); a Free French SAS squadron (14 officers, 80 others); the Greek “Sacred Squadron” (14 and 100); and the Special Boat Section (15 and 40). Special units still outside Stirling’s empire include the Long Range Desert Group; the Special Operations Executive; the Parachute Regiment; Popski’s Private Army; and some commandos.
SOLOMON ISLANDS: The 1st Sqdn of Marine Air Group 11, VMSB-132 begins arriving on Guadalcanal.
1st and 2nd Btns of the 5th Marines cross the Matanikau River, on Guadalcanal, at 0630 followed by the 3rd Btn at 0800. Preceded by artillery and supported with air strikes, their mission is to push the Japanese back an capture Kokombona. The only authenticated US bayonet charge of the campaign is conducted by Company I. By nightfall they are west of Point Cruz.
U.S.A.: Destroyer escort USS Edsall launched. (Dave Shirlaw)
NORTH ATLANTIC: Convoy SC 107 reaches the air support gap south of Greenland. During this night four U-boats sink eight merchantmen. A ninth is sunk during the day. The weather then worsens and the German lose contact with the convoy. (Henry Sirotin)
Destroyer USS Borie sank from damage received after ramming U-405 in the North Atlantic. 27 crew lost. 49 men died when this U-boat was lost. There were no survivors.
U-565 shot down RAF 233 Sqn Hudson and heavily damaged another.
U-126 sank SS George Thatcher.
U-174 sank SS Elmdale in Convoy TRIN-20.
U-178 sank SS Mendoza.
U-173 sailed from France on her second and final patrol.
U-664, on her maiden patrol, was severely damaged by depth charges dropped by a Catalina of USN Squadron VP 84, and had to abort to France. (Dave Shirlaw)
Interesting story about John McCain’s father earning the DSM.
So what was the name of the carrier that was sunk?
I believe that is the Senator's grandpa.
So what was the name of the carrier that was sunk?
The Hornet - the ship that took Jimmy Doolittle's B-25's to Japan. (Wasp was lost in September.)
Battle of Santa Cruz
Admirals Halsey and McCain at the Japanese surrender September 2, 1945. Admiral McCain would die 4 days later.
Just a note of appreciation for your wonderful efforts.
Nazi Medical Experiments
"Criminal and completely unethical medical experimentation carried out on human "guinea pigs" by German physicians mutilated and murdered more than 7,000 men, women, and children.
Victims were initially taken from Germany's general population (physically handicapped and mentally ill), then from the ranks of concentration-camp prisoners and POWs.
"In 1927 the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics was established in Berlin to develop German "race science."
Under director Eugen Fischer, the institute formulated complex race theories, and encouraged the weeding out of Germany's 'genetically unfit.'
Later, under Nazi rule, this philosophy culminated in forced sterilization and other, even more terrible research.
"Nazi scientists were curious about the limits of human endurance as well as bodily reaction to a whole catalogue of remorseless physical insult.
At Auschwitz, Dr. Horst Schumann removed the testicles of young men after subjecting the organs to burning X-rays.
At the same camp, Dr. Eduard Wirths and gynecology professor Dr. Carl Clauberg studied women's wombs following injections of toxic chemicals.
"Ravensbrück's Dr. Karl Gebhart inflicted leg fractures on healthy, young Polish women, and freely transplanted amputated limbs from prisoner victims to patients at the SS hospital.
Dr. Sigmund Rascher was posted to Dachau, where he forced "patients" to swallow Polygal 10, a coagulant designed to inhibit blood loss.
They were then shot at point-blank range.
"Dr. Karl Brandt, chief of all German medical services, authorized tests of phosgene- and mustard-gas poisoning that were performed at Sachsenhausen by Drs. Walter Sonntag and Heinrich Baumkötter.
"Dr. Arnold Dohmen infected Sachsenhausen prisoners with hepatitis; deadly gangrene bacilli came courtesy of Dr. Ernst Grawitz, head of SS health services.
At Buchenwald, Dr. Karl Genzken infected prisoners with typhus.
Other physicians throughout the camp system induced yellow fever, smallpox, cholera, diphtheria, influenza, and tuberculosis.
At the prompting of the Luftwaffe, physicians at Dachau and elsewhere killed prisoners while studying their reactions to extreme heat and cold; and to oxygen deprivation during painful experiments simulating high altitude.
"Auschwitz's Dr. Josef Mengele--dubbed the "Angel of Death" by inmates--undertook particularly bizarre criminal research.
He was fascinated by twins, and attempted to change victims' eye colors with chemical eyewashes; to surgically transform normal, living twins into Siamese twins; and to test comparative organ reaction after injecting chloroform directly into twins' hearts.
When a one-year-old triplet fell into Mengele's hands, the child was "autopsied" while anesthetized but still alive.
"Dwarfs and hunchbacks also captured Mengele's fancy.
These unfortunates were studied and then murdered.
The flesh of some was boiled from bones that were subsequently sent to the Anthropological Museum in Berlin.
There, and at other such places, the Nazi "research" continued."
"Jewish inmates at the concentration camp in Berg, Norway, line up for roll call after being arrested on October 25, 1942.
Almost all male Jews who were arrested during this phase of the deportation process were brought to this camp before being sent to Auschwitz.
The main deportation of Norwegian Jewry was carried out on November 26, 1942."
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